Any great research papers on death penalty must include certain facts for it to be complete and be considered credible information. Capital punishment is legal in a majority of countries in world including some states in the USA. However, the support for the death penalty continues to gain less support as years go by. This has seen a lot of death penalty cases drop across the world. However, there are certain countries like china that still practice this kind of punishment but executions are kept under wraps and no specific number of deaths through the penalty is given especially in China.
For countries such as Iran and Saudi Arabia where figures are given, it is estimated that sometimes the number of executions could be double or even triple of what is let out in the public domain. For countries still sticking with the death penalty, USA has the least number of executions. For those counties that still practice death penalties sometimes the charges are unfair and sometimes sentenced for non-lethal crimes. When writing a research paper on death penalty it is important to consider understanding the components of the penalty.
People could be Executed Wrongly
Your research paper on death penalty is not complete if it exempts the fact that more often than not, people convicted are often wrongly killed. It is possible that the wrong people could be put on the death row for crimes they might not have committed. There are instances when criminals may plead to not being guilty and their lawyer reveals their participation in a crime that might have caused the death of many other people like was the case with Tsarnaev who pleaded guilty but was revealed by Judy Clarke his lawyer.
- Under normal circumstances, close to 4 percent of people undergoing the capital punishment are often innocent and only victims of wrongful convictions.
- In every 25 people convicted there could be at least one that is wrongly charged and sentenced. This is a revelation made by Proceedings of the National academy of sciences.
This could translate to the fact that 120 of the 3000 death penalty victims in the USA today are likely to be innocent for the crimes they are being accused of. It also means that out of the 1320 already executed persons from 1977, a good number might have been innocent. Any conclusive research needs to include these details.
Research papers on death penalty should show that the processes are botched
According to law professor Austin Sarat of Amherst college, 3 percent of execution that happened between 1890 to 2010 did not follow protocol. He reveals that although these execution gone wrong could be as a result of electric chair fires and decapitations during hanging, even the lethal injection sometimes goes wrong. A particular case in 2009 was so painful for the convict Romell Broom that he actually got to live after going through excruciating pain when the team of executioners tried for two hours to find a vein having injected him more than 18 times. A good research paper on death penalty should show this downside of the process.
The executions can be painfully long
Sometimes the process can take longer than anticipated making the victim to suffer more in. A case in point is the Oklahoma inmate Clayton Lockett whose death pronouncement was made 45 minutes later after the injection when the average time for previous executions was always 6 to 12 minutes as revealed by the associated press officials. There have been cases of other convicts taking 25 minutes after untested drugs were used on them. In one case, Lewis Clark took 86 minutes.
Expensive trial process
The death penalty on its own is very expensive. The trials cost more for the taxpayer. Usually after sentencing, there are many trial options given to the convicts sometimes taking years. This only translates to more costs for the taxpayer. A good research paper should include this aspect of the trial.
Very Few Countries Execute convicts
In the current world setup, very few counties have executions for their convicts. The few that still do it are either questioned as their seems to be a lot of unfairness generally in the countries. This is another aspect that must appear in a good research paper on the death penalty.
All good research papers have the right details no matter how controversial. The important facts should not be left out when doing an original paper. Sometimes taking the minority approach makes your research paper unique.