Since ancient times, people have always tried to understand what memory is. Various explanations and metaphors were used to describe this phenomenon. Even today some people compare our memory with a wide cabinet containing numerous folders for information storage. Others think that it is similar to computer with a huge capacity and speed of operation. But scientists have proven that it is far more complex than that.
Our memory isn’t located in a particular part of our brain. It functions due to the joint work of several brain areas. It is not a thing which you can see or touch. For a better understanding, let’s pass on to a simple example. Considering the act of car driving, we can distinguish several brain areas responsible for this process: the memory of how to operate the car, the memory of how to reach the final destination from the starting point, the memory of road traffic regulations, etc.
It is widely known that there are two types of memory: short-term and long-term. They differ in the ways they are encoded and stored in our brain. The areas of storage are also different. Unfortunately, we don’t know much about the mechanisms of our memory work, but still it is proved that memory can be easily trained and improved. If not trained, it gradually worsens.
The scientists affirm that human memory has no limits. Adult people can remember up to one hundred thousand words. Moreover, there are a lot of people who have a phenomenal memory.
Bill Gates knows hundreds of codes of the programming language he designed.
Mozart could play and write down a melody he heard once.
Winston Churchill knew by heart almost all Shakespeare’s works.
Alexander the Great knew all the names of his soldiers.
Dominic O’Brien was able to remember card location of the whole pack in 38 seconds.
Memory is individual. Some people perceive visual information better. For others it is easier to memorize what they hear. Thus, we can distinguish between visual and auditory memory. Feelings also play an important part in data remembering and recalling. An emotional splash can evoke memories forgotten a long time ago.
Your learning skills depend on ability to memorize. To make your educational process more effective, you are to define the easiest way for you to perceive information.