Democratic Party

5 pages (1250 words)
Research reveals that African American will opt to overwhelmingly vote for a democrat presidential candidate even if elections were to be held today. This has its roots in the fore fathers of the African American citizens who witnessed the racial factor that dominated during those years. The aim of this paper however, is not to show how the racial discrimination separated the Americans at large, in fact, it is meant to focus more on why the African Americans drastically changed from voting for the Republican Party to the Democratic Party and why this will probably happen as long as the party exist. However, for the paper to be conclusive and to give a comprehensive conclusion on the main agenda, it is important to look at how racial discrimination was entrenched in the American society. It is also worth noting at this point that it is this same party that gave birth to the first African American president.

The segregation of the black color in America put a deep feeling in the hearts of the African American that grew so strong and finally erupted to manifestation for equality. African Americans were not considered as people of any value in the American society. African Americans as opposed to what their counterpart thought had values, which are as old as human history, but they were never acknowledged. This could have probably been the reason, which later on led to writing of the poems of the Negroes and songs by great writers such as William Dubois and McKay, who wanted to show the values and rich culture of the African Americans. Rijin (3) suggests that the values of the African American came to be realized much later in the history of America. He further reveals that there were African songs sung in praise of Roosevelt because of the fact that he accepted Africans as human beings especially when he accepted the very famous African American leader Booker T (Rijin p, 3). This seems to have been the beginning of what the African American love today known as the Democratic Party.

During the great depression that affected almost every part of the world there are substantive reasons to argue that it had more profound effect on the African American than any other race in the United States of America. Wynn, (16) indicates that the depression had a direct effect on the blacks in that in terms of employment, they were the last to be considered for job opportunities, but on the other side of the coin the first to be send home without any consideration. It is evident from this that the introduction of the economic policy of FDR commonly known as the new deal, which eliminated this problem and created more employment opportunities. In addition, Fitzgeraid (10) asserts that the coming to power speech of Roosevelt rekindled hopes on the economy of America. This instilled more hopes to the African American on the Democratic Party. This deal also championed for the establishment of an economy that would see the Americans and Europeans through the tough times of the recession. It is quite clear that racial factor dominated  these challenging economic times since slogans which demonstrated racialism were seen in public and in this case the African American were much more into the negative effects as opposed to the whites.

The economic philosophy, which was the basis of the new deal, was pioneered by an historically famous British economist by the name of John Maynard Keynes. When the great depression hit in 1929, Keynes advocated an economic policy for the European and US government, which has come to be called counter-cyclical spending. He advocated an economic governmental policy, which called for the government to use government funds to spend the nation through the economic crisis. Those citizens who were in dire economic circumstances should simply be given government jobs, or, if it came to it, direct monetary aid in the form of checks in the mail. Once the economic crisis was over the government could then reduce or eliminate this emergency spending.
In other words, John Maynard Keynes is the inventor of the concept of the welfare state. FDR’s and Keynes’ name are therefore directly linked because the Welfare State, and its successful implementation in the USA, are their achievement. When one votes for a Democrat today, one is voting for the policies of FDR and Keynes. In addition, Americans of African descent have been voting for FDR and Keynes ever sense 1932.

Another thing that has largely contributed to the strong faith among the African American to the Democratic Party today is the gestures of the first lady Eleanor Roosevelt. Her humanitarian attitude and sense of dignity to all troubled her so much and in fact, she was not ready to go and live at the white house (Freedman, p 18). However, she never feared to stand out in public and actually became the first woman to fight for human rights under the United Nations declaration of human rights body. Her relentless efforts put it opened that all people are equal regardless of their color and social status. This induced even more faith in the democrats than the Republicans who could never have thought about it. More so, developments spearheaded the formation of the black cabinet, which simply meant that African Americans were more appreciated than before. Long before 1929, no black would be accepted in congress until the election of Oscar Depriest as the first black American to have held office in the state of Illinois (Tate p34). Elections followed, he was succeeded by Arthur and Dawson who were both American of Black origin (Tate, p 34).

It was from these developments in the Democratic Party that more black congress came to power because New York got Adam in the 79th congress in 1945. This was followed by Detroit and Philadelphia, which managed to elect black representatives by the year 1958 (Tate, p. 34). This association in the government led to the formation of new laws such as the famously known executive order number 8802, which allowed the black people to participate in the government tasks (Tate p 37). African Americans were very pleased with such kind of progress and even today they cannot be convinced otherwise which means they will in large numbers vote for any democratic candidate whether he or she wins or looses the elections.

Another landmark that seeks to answer the question of discussion is the well-known political ideologies of President Harry Truman. He championed for civil rights, which touched more on Africans by then known as Negroes (Burnes, p. 174). His manifesto brought him to power and his willingness to enforce equality among all Americans irrespective of their color came to be known as the executive order number 9981, which meant to integrate the military forces of the United States of America with blacks.

The Black Cabinet was therefore a very effective lobbying group upon FDR. The most famous and important of all these black cabinet members was Mrs. Mary McLeod Bethune. Mrs. Bethune became friends with Mrs. Roosevelt, Eleanor, who was a political force in her own right during her husband’s long tenure as president. Together, Mrs. Roosevelt and Mrs. Bethune became a very effective team, which pushed very hard for advances in the political and economic lives of Americans of African descent. All the events that unfolded from the election of FDR into power seem to have been the road map to the first African American in the white house. It had all been a dream that one day the black shall stand and proclaim the full gospel of being Americans. This was something that would never have been seen in the sinister by the white people but as time went by, even the Republicans easily elected a black representative (Tate, p.37). This meant that democracy in the United States of America, had taken a new shape. This was seen evident in the massive election of Barrack Obama as the first African American President under the Democratic Party in 2008. In his speech, Obama spoke out clearly that the dream of his fore fathers had finally come true through his election as a first African American president of the U.S (Zimmerman, 47). Zimmerman (56-65) reveals Obama as a Black American who went through problems in his life as a child and grew up to be a sensible man who later became the president of the world superpower. In addition to his intellectual standards, Obama had worn the presidential race under the Democratic Party, which had a long history of development.

In conclusion, it is reasonable to say that the Democratic Party is a masterpiece of many Americans including the whites who have embraced democracy. Today America is considered as the land of opportunities and a country that prioritizes on human rights. It is because of the sacrifices that other people underwent to instill the democratic ideologies and erase negative stereotypes the Whites had towards other races. It is with no doubt that even in the years to come, any person who proves to be a democrat irrespective of his/her race will be warmly welcomed in the white house. This may seem to be the power of the party but actually, it is the ideologies that push Americans to voting for any democrat in the presidential race.

Works Cited

Badger, Antony. The New Deal: The Depression Years, 1933-1940. New York: Kindle Books,             2002. Print.

Fitzgeraid, Stephanie. The New Deal: Rebuilding America. Minneapolis: Thomson Publisher,    2007. Print.

Rijin, Guido. Roosevelt Blues: African-American Blues and Gospel Songs on FDR. Mississippi:             University press of Mississippi, 1997. Print.

Wynn, Neil. The African-American Experience During World War Two. Maryland: The Roman             & Littlefield Press, 2002. Print.

Zimmerman, Frederick. Should Obama Be The President? Dreams from My Father, Audacity of            Hope. New York: Nimble Books, 2006. Print.