Moral Philosophy

Ethics is a branch of philosophy interested in the description of the fundamental standards and significance through which the actions of human beings can be considered right or wrong. Ethics is normally divided into; descriptive morality, applied ethics, and moral philosophy. Descriptive morality refers to the definite customs beliefs, principles and people’s way of life. In other words, it can be stated that descriptive ethics explains the behavior of a given people. It includes research from most Social Sciences as a section of the course of identifying what people do or their beliefs about morals. Applied ethics deals with debatable moral concerns, for example, punishment, civil disorder, pre-marital sex, animal rights and abortion. It has been recently split into categories such as business ethics, medical ethics, sexual ethics, and environment ethics. For applied ethics to be implemented, the issue at hand should be controversial in that there are those who are supporting it, and there are those that are opposing it. For example, the issue of gun ownership is an applied ethical issue because there are those for and against it. This paper will look at the subdivisions of ethical system(s) and an explanation of how to abide by the ethical dedication.

Moral Philosophy

Moral philosophy is also referred to as the ethical theory. This refers to the organized endeavor to get acquainted with moral conceptions and give explanations for moral codes and notions. It looks at all aspects that contain what is permitted and all others that are not, that is, what is seen to be right and that which is seen to be wrong (Pojman and Fieser 2011, 3). Moral philosophy further looks into probable foundations of moral responsibility, for example, reasons given by humans, need to be contented, and God. In addition, moral philosophy tries to ascertain standards of behaviors that are considered to be right and may be used to act as guides for the actions of people or groups of individuals.

I regard the Normative Ethical Systems under the Moral philosophy to be the most persuasive. This is a part of moral philosophy that has to do with reasons for what is morally right and wrong, for example, honesty and lying. These behaviors are actions that have already taken place and are then being decoded by those who see it the way they occur. It is constituted of moral systems that have straight inferences of how people’s institutions, actions, and cultures should be. The main query is to establish how moral principles are agreed upon and substantiated. It is subdivided into deontological, teleological and virtue ethics. Deontological ethics use their intrinsic rightness to establish ethical standards, teleological ethics consider the goodness that result from actions, and virtue ethics consider rules that people adhere to.

Deontological ethics

This form of ethics emphasizes on the conception of right and wrong, duty, and obligation. For example in Religion, a follower has an obligation to understand, comprehend and follow the norms of his or her dominion. The moral behavior in a religion is considered to be important to the practice of that religion (Pojman and Fieser 2011, 4). Morality in this case is perceived to be coming from a higher, superior, or natural being. Religious morals coming from a deity make individuals behave appropriately. God’s revelations according to scriptures further guides’ an individual to perform more right than wrong. An example is contributing to charity because it is considered expedient. The contributor may see it as his or her duty to help the needy.

Teleological ethics

Teleological ethics put more emphasis on the upright, pleasing, and virtuous, for example, happiness or contentment. These systems are described mainly by focusing on the consequences of actions. We should have an understanding of the consequences of actions before making right, moral choices. For instance in law, people are compelled to behave in the correct manner due to the penalties stipulated in the various justice systems. For example, those who have thought of killing are restrained because of the judgment that will be passed on them if they are guilty. Moreover, there are sides of morality not included by law (Pojman and Fieser 2011, 10). For instance, many consider lying to be immoral, but there is no common law touching on it.

Virtue ethics

Virtue ethics considers rules that individuals adhere to; it focuses on budding decent behavior like being generous and kind. These kinds of ethics permit individuals to make pleasant decisions in the future. For example, religion makes individuals behave in ways that are perceived to be right rather than those which are considered to be wrong. The virtues outlined in the religious scriptures will make a person honest, loving, caring, and generous. These virtues may make a person participate in charity, create friendships, and be honest.

Conclusion

In conclusion, to live by the ethical commitment, I will make an effort to find out the criterion of right and wrong within the end results of issues such as honesty, and not within the source of principles that determine the right and the wrong. Additionally, the study of ethics will help individuals make clear and objective judgments based on what each considers being right or wrong. More importantly it will guide people on how to live (Pojman and Fieser 2011, 11).

Reference

Pojman, L. and Fieser, J. 2011. Ethics: Discovering Right and Wrong (7th ed.). California:

Wadsworth Publishing.

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