It’s been years and yet, Iran still denies developing bomb and nuclear weapons despite the reports that showed the operation of their nuclear programs. It has been reported that Iran has been operating uranium enrichment facilities which deepened both the United States’ and international community’s suspicion on their nuclear ambition. Although Iran signed the Non-Proliferation Treaty and the Safeguard Agreement, the country has been discreet in its nuclear activities since the withdrawal of the Western governments to support their nuclear programs. The continued discreet activities of Iran’s nuclear program may lead to production of nuclear weapons which pose a great threat to the world. This concern must be addressed to protect everyone. The United States and the international community must therefore further there alliance-building to ensure isolation, economic sanctions, impose financial and travel sanctions, promote international diplomacy and lastly, to use military force to prevent Iran from developing nuclear weapons.
Western Tools to Stop the Nuclear Program
Most of the policy makers push for the alliance-building which the United States need to exert all efforts to convince their allies that the best way to stop Iran’s nuclear program is to become firm and united to apply pressure on the Islamic Republican (Rubin, 2008). This is the best way to avoid war and one of the safest ways to ensure zero casualties in all concerned countries. It is important that the governments strengthen their sanctions and end all commercial relations to Iran so that the country will have to abort their programs the soonest (Rubin, 2008).
Another tool of the United States to prevent the continuous development of Iran’s nuclear program is to ensure that countries that still support Iran will be convinced to join them on their diplomatic pressure on Tehran (Rubin, 2008). China and Russia still continue to have commercial ties with Iran. According to Rubin (2008), it is thus important for the White House to convince regional allies such as Saudi Arabia and Persian Gulf emirates to pressure China and Russia to stop or disengage commercial ties with Iran.
United States can also resort to international diplomacy programs such as giving incentives for Iran in exchange of giving up their nuclear program. According to Bruno (2010), there has been a talk between the U.S. and Iran on deals regarding offering incentives to Iran. This tool can be effective when the United States can convince Iran without resorting to any force, instead, they can offer Iran with incentives needed by the country and agree on that deal or policy.
Definitely not the optimal strategy, but if the need arises to use military forces to ensure the safety of the human beings, not only the Americans, it is necessary that the West should use force to stop Iran’s nuclear program. During the American Israel Public Affairs Committee’s (AIPAC) conference, President Obama declared that “‘the entire world has an interest in preventing Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapon” (Kaster, 2012). According to President Barrack Obama, the U.S. will not hesitate to use military force to ensure that Iran will stop development of nuclear weapons that according to the president, may trigger an arms race in the region.
With all these tools to prevent the nuclear program in Iran, I believe that the most effective and optimal strategy is promoting international diplomacy and engaging into diplomatic agreements. This strategy promotes peace in the international community. This ensures that Iran will not think that the other countries have united against them. At least, in this strategy of offering incentives, Iran will still feel that they are being given importance and care by the international community. The good reinforcement in giving up the nuclear program can be very effective in convincing Iran. Although there is a possibility that Iran will demand for something that the United States and the international community can hardly do, it is still worth the try. There is no strategy or solution without risks, but so far, this tool offers safety and fairness for both the countries.
With all that’s been happening and the discreet activities of Iran’s nuclear program, there is a great threat not only to the United States but as well as to the international community. Iran belongs to a very volatile region, and if this nuclear program continues, there is a great chance that war will arise and this will affect the world. It is thus important that the United States should exert more efforts to ensure that this program is stopped. Whether it is alliance building, economic and financial sanctions or isolation, international diplomacy and or use of military force, the United States must do with all its power to protect its citizens and the citizens of the world.
Bruno, G. (2010). Iran’s Nuclear Program. Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved 18 March 2012 from http://www.cfr.org/iran/irans-nuclear-program/p16811.
Kaster, C. (2012). Obama says U.S. Will Use Force vs. Iran if Needed. CBC News. Retrieved 17 March 2012 from http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/story/2012/03/04/obama-american-israeli-address.html
Rubin, M. (2008). Meeting the Challenge: U.S. Policy toward Iranian Nuclear Development. Iranian Tracker. Retrieved 18 March 2012 from http://www.irantracker.org/full-publication/meeting-challenge-us-policy-toward-iranian-nuclear-development