Feldman outlines seven approaches to motivation

Instinct Approaches

These entail biologically determined behaviors rather than those an individual has to attain either via formal or informal learning. Primarily, their drive emanates from instincts and cannot in any way thwarted via application of external or internal forces (Feldman, 2005). This is because their programming setting is inside them and involves both animals and human beings. For instance, attachment that exists between parents and babies, animals feeding their young ones or courting, which entails mating selection and pairing. The latter aspect regards mutual attraction, which exists amid a man and woman after certain biological development.
  1. Drive-Reduction Approaches

This perspective contends that, drives and needs normally motivate certain behaviors (Roets & Van, 2011). Hence, making individuals result to certain tasks prompted by strong urges meant to fulfill them, for instance, physiological needs (food, sex, water). The aim of these drives is to fulfill certain needs or deprivations and attain the intended or required homeostasis thus, aid in maintaining equilibrium (Feldman, 2005).
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