Childhood, adolescence, adulthood and older adults

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Memory Development in Childhood is an article that focuses on the cognitive development in an infancy stage. The article focuses on children and the adult’s testimonial competence specifically on the memory explicit capacity for the conscious recollection of places, names, events, or dates (Arnett, 2015). The article articulates on the children’s self-monitoring and self-regulatory activities that help in solving memory challenges.

In the analysis and evaluation of the first article, the author clearly stipulates on how physical activities are essential in the memory development of the child. The report supports the practice of motor activities in children for better development of the brain. The article, however, does not clearly show the current theories that illustrate the cognitive evolution of the children.

The second article is Adolescent Rationality and Development: Cognition, Morality, and Identity. The journal presents a constructive approach to the development of morality, integrity, and morality in early adulthood and adolescence. The review examines traditional theories and the current research in these three domains (Furstenberg, 2016). It also addresses the issues of human diversity and various implications of a constructivist perspective in the education sector.

In the analysis of the above article, it is a powerful one since it presents a constructive approach to the development of morality, identity, and morality in early adulthood and adolescence. Besides, the classic theories and the current study of various domains that talks about adolescent and adulthood development are well illustrated (Moshman, 2015).

The article on the Oxford Handbook of Emerging Adulthood explores the theory and research on the proposed coming up adulthood as a new life stage at the age of 18 to 29 years. Instead of marrying and becoming parents in early 20s, many people in developing nations now postpone these transitions until late 20s. The article deals with the variety of topics ranching from brain development, relations with friends, relations with parents, expectations for marriage, sexual relations, media use, substance use and abuse, and resilience. The life span development for adulthood is also explored in detail.

The above article is compelling since it examines the theory and research on the proposed emerging adulthood and the various variations that occur before getting married. Various associations and the influences that result through the association is well explained through exploring various topics.

The article on Social Class and Development in Early Adulthood is a response to the Jeffrey Arnett’s article that was based on the social class and the development of the emerging adults which points out many limitations in the analysis, data, and conclusions. The article stipulates that social class variations in the elaboration of the young adults are considered to be modest. As the person moves through early and middle adulthood, a variety of the physical changes takes place in the body.

The similarities that I found in the types of research and what was being studied are that adults undergo age-associated variations based on several factors. During early childhood, the physical activities tend to be at the peak including the muscle strengths, sensory abilities, cardiac functioning and the reaction time. The research showed that the aging process starts during early childhood and it is characterized by the changes in vision, skin and the creative abilities. The differences that I found out are that children and adults vary regarding cognitive development.

Based on the course readings, the development theories that I found applicable are the disengagement theory and the activity theory. The separation approach views were aging as a process based on the mutual withdrawal whereby the older adults willingly slow down through retiring as expected for them by the society (Schneider, 2012). The proponents of this theory hold the views that mutual social withdrawal has many benefits both to the society and the individual. Activity theory, on the other hand, depicts a positive correlation between aging well and keeping active. Physical activities are necessary for most stages of development since it helps one to age gracefully.

The life-span perspective may offer a way of a better understanding of the research reviewed since it provides a dynamic information concerning on how and why persons develop and who individuals will grow to become. Environment and the hereditary factors play a significant role in the human development but the extent in which each influence the development process is unknown. Therefore, the study of human development following the lifespan perspective is essential since it doesn’t just take into consideration the development that occurs in childhood or adulthood only, but the one that happens in every phase of the life of an individual.

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  1. Arnett, J. J. (2015). Introduction: Emerging Adulthood Theory and Research. Oxford Handbooks Online. doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199795574.013.36
  2. Furstenberg, F. (2016). Social Class and Development in Early Adulthood. Emerging Adulthood4(4), 236-238. doi:10.1177/2167696815625142
  3. Moshman, D. (2015). Identity, Morality, and Adolescent Development. Human Development52(5), 287-290. doi:10.1159/000233260
  4. Schneider, W. (2012). Memory Development in Childhood. The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Childhood Cognitive Development, 347-376. doi:10.1002/9781444325485.ch13
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