Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs theory is based on the premise of a pyramid structure where the most basic need is at the bottom while the one which gives the maximum amount of satisfaction to an individual is at the top. However, this does not mean that the top priority is for the need that is at the top rather the pyramid actually goes from bottom to top fashion (Goble, 2007). The basis of these needs comes about with the aspect of human beings being motivated by unsatisfied needs and the lower one goes down the pyramid, the more important these needs become in entirety.
The Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs banks on the physiological needs, which remain very significant to every human being as these comprise of his housing, food and clothing essentials. After these have been met, the next upper need is that of the safety needs which ask for his security within the environs where he resides, works and basically spends his life time. Going one step higher are his social needs where he must interact with the people, form linkages and collectively build relationships with one another (Chandler, 1996). The esteem needs are the next level of needs within the Hierarchy of Needs theory which talk about his requirement of being treated with respect and spoken in good words across his surroundings. When all these needs are met adequately well, his self-actualization needs come into play where he is fully satisfied with whatever he is doing in his life and the processes that are shaping up towards success in the long range scheme of things (Maslow, 1961).
Within my work group, to move a person towards a higher level of the hierarchy, it is pertinent that his present needs are met in a sound way. This would ensure that the progression is all the more natural and does not burden him in any way. An example of this could be quoted here by the fact that many people would like to be given the dignity and respect that celebrities have within their lives yet they are unable to do so because their social needs have not yet been fulfilled. They look forward to becoming a celebrity in their own right yet it takes years and years of linkages to actually create such a bond with the society of which they are a part of. In certain instances, this does not even come about as a matter of fact.
There are other models in place as well yet nothing fits the bill as Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. These include the Herzberg’s Theory of Motivation and Hygiene. It takes a keen look at the attitudes and motivation patterns of the employees working within an organization. He studied the basis of the factors that create satisfaction and dissatisfaction at work. Having said that, the Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is still a very imperative theory that is being spoken about more and more within the time and age of today. It has created the right uproar within the workers and employees because it looks after their domains in a straightforward fashion.
Chandler, S., 1996. 100 Ways to Motivate Yourself: Change Your Life Forever. Kindle Edition
Goble, F., 2007. The Third Force: The Psychology of Abraham Maslow. Maurice Bassett
Maslow, A., 1961. Toward a Psychology of Being. Wiley, 3rd ed.