Picasso Guernica, discussing the roles, functions and meaning a piece of art can have


Guernica is oil on canvas painting measuring 349cm X 776cm (The Open University, 2013). The painting presents a powerful antiwar statement in modern day art. For Picasso, the painting followed a decade of turmoil in his personal life and disappointment with his work. In addition, the painting draws from the politics of Picasso’s indigenous motherland. During the time of the painting, Spain was ravaging in atrocious civil war with the newly elected government being subject to attack from a fascist coup. The new government supporters, Republican forces are loyal to the new government and Generalissimo Francisco Franco. According to Franco, his promises for Spain were prosperity and stability only to deliver death and destruction. Commissioned to paint for the World Fair or exposition in Paris in 1937, Picasso decides not to paint a visual protest against Franco’s treachery but usually avoids politics and refrains from obviously biased art. The official theme for the exposition was celebration of modern technology and with Aeronautics Pavilion that featured latest technological advances. The painting clearly revealed Germans name Picasso’s connection with his homeland Spain as it after small town in Northern Spain that was target of terror bombing during the Spanish Civil War.
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