Analysis of Social Movement Theories                                        

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Social Movement Theories

The theory of resource-Mobilization stresses the essence of resources in social movement success and development. The resources relate to media, money, labor, solidarity, and knowledge, external and internal support that comes from the power of the elite. In this theory, social movements are developed when the people who have grievances mobilizes sufficient resources to enable them to take action. Emphasis is given to the resources so as to explain why an individual who is discontented is organized while others are not. In deprivation theory, it views the movement as a social change basing on how people take action for social, change so as to get something which others have and they believe they are also entitled to the same thing. 

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Deprivation theory explains why individuals advocate for social change or join movements. For instance, the people who are gay may adhere to the movement that advocates for gay marriage so as to acquire the right to marry which they think that others have (Smith, Pettigrew, Pippin, & Bialosiewicz, 2012). Social movement such as the Arab spring which emanated from Tunisia was formed so as to advance the social change (Eltantawy & Wiest, 2011). The similarities are that both of them individuals anticipate in the social movements and the conflict of interest influences the decision of the movements. In both of them, the success of the social movement that the individual joins depends on the strategy of the group. Moreover, the people are recruited shows commitment to maintaining collective identity. The social movements that are created nowadays rely on the stage of the development in the society.

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  1. Eltantawy, N., & Wiest, J. B. (2011). Social media in the Egyptian revolution: Reconsidering resource mobilisation theory. International Journal of Communication, 5 (2011), 1207–1224.
  2. Smith, H. J., Pettigrew, T. F., Pippin, G. M., & Bialosiewicz, S. (2012). Relative deprivation: A theoretical and meta-analytic review. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 16(3), 203-232. 
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