Textual Analysis of Albert Einstein’s essay “Why Socialism?”

The objective of the given work is to find out what was Albert Einstein’s primary purpose or argument in “Why Socialism?”, to offer support for the answer and show if and how he was successful or unsuccessful in achieving his goal by utilizing different linguistic techniques among which predominates rhetorical one. Originally published in the first issue of Monthly Review in May 1949 Albert Einstein’s essay “Why Socialism?” presents a set of social and political claims. The major argument of the article concerns the fact that specific combination of personal and social strivings determines the degree of an individual inner equilibrium and his integration into society. Einstein asserts that now the individual has become more conscious than ever of his dependence upon society. He takes it negatively, as a threat to his biological and social rights. According to Einstein the capitalistic community of production and consumption contributes to this fear. Oligarchy of private capital which power cannot be effectively checked even by a democratically political society impacts all its spheres. Einstein is convinced that capitalists’ competition results in labor waste and deformation of the social consciousness of humans, in education as well. The only way to eliminate capitalism evils is through the establishment of a planned socialist economy and socially aimed educational system exclusively.
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