Cosmetic plastic surgery

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Cosmetic plastic surgery has since evolved owing to the increasing demand for services that make people’s appearance appealing. As a result, most people regardless of gender are pursuing cosmetic plastic surgery in order to boost their self-confidence and have good mental health. Moreover, unpleasant appearances lower an individual’s self-esteem and affect their confidence level such that they are unable to express themselves before others. The feeling that someone else is better in terms of looks encourages cosmetic plastic surgery which in turn boosts confidence and yields a higher self-esteem.

Cosmetic plastic surgery is performed for medical reasons so as to ease the pain and the discomfort arising from an illness. Accidents expose one to scars, cuts and deformities, which have to be restructured to restore the normal life of an individual.  Cosmetic plastic surgery also improves the overall personal health such as relieving back and neck pain among women by performing breast augmentation. In most cases, the augmentation is meant to enhance attractiveness and appearance.

The surgery also boosts self-image which shapes the ability to interact with others without any cases of segregation. Social interactions are triggered by a positive self-image that emanates from peace of mind and an assurance of appearance. Cosmetic plastic surgery improves the mental wellbeing of a person by reducing anxiety and facilitating social interactions among people. Finally, plastic surgery promotes weight loss owing to the recommendations that are provided after surgery regarding a balanced diet, increased physical exercises and health lifestyles.

Cosmetic Plastic Surgery


The 21st century is remarkable in terms of how it has transformed beauty standards. Plastic cosmetic surgery has become a mandatory process especially in the western world. The psychological and physical results of cosmetic surgeries emanate from the perceptions of individual patients towards the process (Furnham & Levitas, 2012). Moreover, most patients have reported increased confidence, high self-esteem and great body posture. As a result of the high self-esteem, most patients of cosmetic surgery have experienced increased social interaction. Commercials in televisions around the world including those on the Internet with regards to beauty products have made most people to move towards plastic surgery. Despite that the impact of beauty is debatable; there are still reasons why the manual change of appearance given by nature is acceptable (Dunaev, Schulz & Markey, 2016). Cosmetic plastic surgery influences how individuals feel hence its positive psychological and physical effects.

Cosmetic plastic surgery enhances the psychological wellbeing of an individual by imparting self-confidence. Most people especially those with perceptions that they are not beautiful or pretty enough tend to pursue plastic surgery as a way to gain confidence in themselves (Golshani et al, 2016). Therefore, a wish to have a surgical correction of the appearance may not essentially be dictated by dysmorphobia (Mulkens & Jansen, 2006). This is a psychological condition whereby a person is obsessed with real or imaginary defects in terms of appearance (Furnham et al., 2012). While some people appreciate their level of confidence in life, others want to feel more confident by reinforcing their appearance to avert cases of suppression or bullying. Cosmetic plastic surgery is therefore instrumental in restoring confidence, which creates a healthy mental wellbeing (Sadick, 2008).

Plastic surgery has a positive physical impact especially when one feels certain body features have a recognizable effect in everyday life (Gilmartin, Long & Soldin, 2014). These features include skull deformations, cleft lip and excessive pigmentation, which most people perceive as unpleasant. Moreover, this can affect their social interactions and communication with others eventually resulting in depression and low self-esteem (Ferraro, Rossano & D’Andrea, 2005). Since these features have a negative effect if not corrected, cosmetic plastic surgery will be helpful in granting a normal life to a person with depression and boosting self-confidence.  Furthermore, an unpleasant appearance is compared to a hopeless life as both subject an individual to depression and stress (Golshani et al, 2016). In order to reverse these negative psychological effects, it is necessary to embrace plastic surgery to correct and restore peace of mind.

Cosmetic plastic surgery can be performed for medical reasons the most common being that which lifts the eyes and the forehead (Furnham et al., 2012). This helps to ease headaches and eye pain that emanates from the psychological effects such as stress and depression. The damage arising from accidents also makes cosmetic plastic surgery useful in improving and enhancing an individual’s body posture (Dunaev et al., 2016). Moreover, accidents cause malformation, scars, fractures and burns among others all of which must be restructured to restore the usual self-image. Plastic surgery in this case helps to restore the patient to his or her initial condition including the appearance before the accident occurred. Therefore, cosmetic plastic surgery helps to create a flawless body to rectify natural deformities.

Cosmetic plastic surgery improves the overall personal health especially for women who need to undergo breast augmentation (Margraf, Meyer & Lavallee, 2013). Women with large breasts tend to pursue breast reduction process since this has an impact on their physical and psychological health. The pain affects the shoulders, loin and back which affects their ability to perform physical activities such as fitness and jogging. Breast reduction enhances the physical posture and wellbeing of women as it makes them feel better and allows them to live a usual and fulfilling life.

Cosmetic plastic surgery improves the morphological personality of patients who are not contented with their self-image. Notably, self-image is mostly influenced by the norms, esthetic societal trends and public opinion (Golshani et al., 2016). According to a research conducted to determine the psychological effect of plastic surgery, most patients portrayed more enjoyment of life and higher self-esteem (Ferraro et al., 2005). The satisfaction emanated from the surgical alteration of their physical appearance.  The goals that the patients wanted to achieve following surgical alteration were examined and most expressed concerns about any chances of setbacks during or after the process (Vaughan‐Turnbull & Lewis, 2015). A majority of cosmetic surgery patients have realistic expectations which encompass more self-confidence and better living (Furnham et al., 2012). Consequently, most patients felt that plastic surgery made them healthier and less anxious as they find the overall body appearance attractive (Sadick, 2008).

Patients who pursue cosmetic plastic surgery feel better about themselves. In fact, a majority of them report a boost of their overall wellbeing (Gilmartin et al., 2014). However, better results are achieved when proper counseling procedures are in place to enhance the success of the process. Psychological counseling before the procedure helps to improve the patient’s wellbeing by imparting knowledge of the expected outcomes. By dealing with people who had previous cases of mental health or depression, post-surgical harmful responses can be alleviated. Although plastic surgery was initially affiliated to celebrities and the super rich, the common people are today pursuing it.

Cosmetic plastic surgery enhances physical health owing to rhinoplasty that not only adjusts the physical appearance but also assists in breathing (Sharp, Tingay, Coman, Mills & Roberts, 2002). This usually applies when one’s nasal cavity is blocked.  Plastic surgery also improves the mental wellbeing of an individual (Vaughan‐Turnbull et al., 2015). In so doing, it allows one to experience reduced anxiety since the person will feel more at ease to interact with other people. Cosmetic plastic surgery has positive physical effect in that it changes an individual’s behavior and attitude towards life (Sadick, 2008). Moreover, the surgery ensures patients have greater control over their lives owing to the many opportunities that are available in personal and professional environments (Margraf et al., 2013). Notably, issues such as a scar or a crooked nose on the face do a lot to damage the confidence of that person (Sharp et al., 2002). Therefore, cosmetic plastic surgery helps to change that feeling and restore happiness and control in the life of that individual.

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Cosmetic plastic surgery plays an integral role in weight loss. Moreover, weight loss is achieved through developing contours on the body so as to achieve the right shape and posture (Gilmartin et al., 2014). In fact, tummy tuck or liposuction is beneficial to most people around the world who deal with obesity. Obesity subjects people to stress, lack of confidence, mockery and depression (Margraf et al,m 2013).  In order to eradicate these negative aspects that hinder an individual’s peace of mind, cosmetic plastic surgery provides recommendation to maintain a healthy lifestyle (Ferraro et al., 2005). For example, cosmetic plastic surgery helps to educate an obese person about maintaining a healthy lifestyle and a balanced diet alongside frequent exercises (Sadick, 2008).


Cosmetic plastic surgery has become a norm in the 21st century. In fact, most people are embracing it to improve their psychological and physical wellbeing so as to restore their confidence. In most cases, people with unpleasant physical features tend to look for ways to change their appearance so that they look attractive. Plastic surgery is the common method of dealing with such cases since most people are concerned about alleviating the problems that come with having unpleasant features. Cosmetic plastic surgery also enhances the psychological wellbeing of a person by averting the increasing cases of depression, stress and mental illness.

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  1. Dunaev, J. L., Schulz, J. L., & Markey, C. N. (2016). Cosmetic surgery attitudes among midlife women: Appearance esteem, weight esteem, and fear of negative appearance evaluation. Journal of health psychology, 1359105316642249.
  2. Ferraro, G. A., Rossano, F., & D’Andrea, F. (2005). Self-perception and self-esteem of patients seeking cosmetic surgery. Aesthetic plastic surgery29(3), 184-189.
  3. Furnham, A., & Levitas, J. (2012). Factors that motivate people to undergo cosmetic surgery. Canadian Journal of Plastic Surgery20(4), 47-50.
  4. Gilmartin, J., Long, A. F., & Soldin, M. (2014, June). Changing Body Image and Well-Being: Following the Experience of Massive Weight Loss and Body Contouring Surgery. In Healthcare (Vol. 2, No. 2, p. 150). MDPI AG.
  5. Golshani, S., Mani, A., Toubaei, S., Farnia, V., Sepehry, A. A., & Alikhani, M. (2016). Personality and psychological aspects of cosmetic surgery. Aesthetic plastic surgery40(1), 38-47.
  6. Margraf, J., Meyer, A. H., & Lavallee, K. L. (2013). Well-being from the knife? Psychological effects of aesthetic surgery. Clinical psychological science1(3), 239-252.
  7. Mulkens, S., & Jansen, A. (2006). Changing appearances: cosmetic surgery and body dysmorphic disorder. Netherlands Journal of Psychology62(1), 34-40.
  8. Sadick, N. S. (2008). The impact of cosmetic interventions on quality of life. Dermatology online journal14(8).
  9. Sharp, H. R., Tingay, R. S., Coman, S., Mills, V., & Roberts, D. N. (2002). Computer imaging and patient satisfaction in rhinoplasty surgery. The Journal of laryngology and otology116(12), 1009.
  10. Vaughan‐Turnbull, C., & Lewis, V. (2015). Body image, objectification, and attitudes toward cosmetic surgery. Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research20(4), 179-196.
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